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Local Nutmeg(Monodora myristica)

Monodora myristica is a perennial edible plant of the Annonaceae family that grows wild in the evergreen forest of West Africa and is widely distributed from Africa to Asia, Central and South AmericaMonodora myristica has the common names of African nutmeg . In addition, the bark, seeds and leaves are used in treating various ailments in African traditional medicine and as a spice in many African dishes.

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Monodora myristica is a perennial edible plant of the Annonaceae family that grows wild in the evergreen forest of West Africa and is widely distributed from Africa to Asia, Central and South AmericaMonodora myristica has the common names of African nutmeg . In addition, the bark, seeds and leaves are used in treating various ailments in African traditional medicine and as a spice in many African dishes.

However, the most economically important parts are the plant is the seeds, which are embedded in the white, sweet-smelling pulp of the subspherical fruit. The seeds have nutritive and calorific values that make them necessary in diets. The kernel obtained from the seed has an aromatic fragrance, which makes it suitable as a spicing agent in both African and continental cuisines .

In eastern countries, the kernel is used as a drug more than as a condiment. Monodora myristica has a bitter pungent taste and is therefore used for bronchitis and to improve appetite. Following roasting and grinding, the seeds are rubbed on the skin for skin diseases, thus suggesting that the seeds of the M. myristica plant could be germicidal or antiseptic. When ground to powder, the seed may be taken as a stimulant to relieve constipation and to control passive uterine hemorrhage in women immediately after child birth. The essential oil from the seed is used in pharmaceutical and dental preparations. The stem bark of M. myristica is used in the treatment of hemorrhoids, stomach aches, fever pains and eye diseases.

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